Research Areas

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Aerospace Group


There are 5 laboratories under the Aerospace Group:

  • Aerospace Structures Lab (N3.2-B4-05)
  • Aerodynamics Lab (N3.2-B4-04) 
  • Flow Physics and Control Lab (N3.1-B4-08)
  • Flight Mechanics & Control Lab (N3.2-B3M-01)
  • UAV Lab (N3.1-B3c-08)

Research Projects

Vortex Structures and Dynamics of Parallel and Tandem Jets-in-cross-flow
Many modern engineering applications make use of jet-in-cross-flow (JICF) phenomenon, whereby a jet discharges at an angle into a free-stream, typically in a transverse manner. For instance, aerodynamic control of VTOL aircrafts, discharge of wastewater into waterways, exhaust of smoke from smokestacks and the mixing of substrates in controlled biological processes. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor New Tze How, Daniel


Study of Aerodynamics of Lifting Surfaces with Leading-edge Protuberances
Drawing inspirations from nature for solutions to engineering problems has always been an interest throughout the human history. From the first human flight to miniature/micro aerial vehicles (MAV), Mother Nature has provided many inspirations for our technological advancements. However, among such a vast range of biologically-inspired solutions, the idea that the unique geometries of humpback whale flippers can aid aerodynamics and hydrodynamics performance is a relatively novel and compelling one. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor New Tze How, Daniel


Aerodynamic Performance of Joined-wing Single Aisle Aircrafts
Air travel has significantly increased over the past, especially so in the last two decades and is still projected to grow in the near future. Jet fuel prices are expected to remain high and forms the main bulk of expenditure of airlines. With the increase in air traffic and economic uncertainties, there is renewed interests in unconventional aircraft configurations which can improve on the aerodynamic performance, decrease fuel consumption, increase maximum range and endurance and hence maximize profits for airline operators. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor New Tze How, Daniel


A study on cement flow characteristics in air-slide conveyors and pneumatic delivery pipes for efficient marine and maritime engineering operations
This is an industrial-driven research project, in collaboration with Jurong Port Pte Ltd and Maritime Port Authority of Singapore. This research represents a marriage between the academic interest in particle–laden flows and industrial interest in improved cement flow delivery. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor New Tze How, Daniel


Life Prediction of Composites in Elevated Temperatures
This detailed research programme has produced a set of procedures for life prediction of composites in elevated temperature. An extensive experimental programme is used in conjunction with a rigorous numerical model for life prediction of composite structures in elevated temperature environment. Progressive static and fatigue damage model is also incorporated into the numerical model for failure analysis. Testing infrastructures and a team of personnel at the university has also been coordinated to increase experimental and modelling efficiency.

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Chai Gin Boay


Energy Absorption Characteristics of Composites Subject to Low Velocity Impact
Three-dimensional finite element models were developed to simulate the indentation tests and impact events. Progressive damage constitutive models were developed to predict damage initiation and progression in the laminated composites, composite sandwich and fibre-metal laminates. Impact behaviour, including the impact response, damage initiation and evolution were investigated. The comparison of the numerical results with the extensive experimental results gave confidence in the use of the numerical models for practical composite structures.

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Chai Gin Boay


Learning control algorithms for unmanned aerial vehicles.
The main goal of this project is to design several learning model-based and model-free control techniques for the control of UAVs. As a model-based approach, linear and nonlinear model predictive controllers will be elaborated. As a model-free method, the combination of neural networks and fuzzy logic controllers will be studied. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor Erdal Kayacan


Design of lightweight UAV for 3D Printing
We are trying to have a set of documented design guidelines for lightweight structures via 3D printing and a finalized design of the lightweight UAV. We are planning to use hybrid manufacturing approach in using multiple materials to create integrated components with electrical and mechanical functionalities. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor Erdal Kayacan


Model predictive control-moving horizon estimation framework as applied to tilt rotor UAVs and its experimental evaluation
The main goal of this project is to design model predictive control (MPC)-moving horizon estimation (MHE) framework for highly nonlinear unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), e.g. a tilted rotor tricopter. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor Erdal Kayacan


Precise landing for unmanned aerial vehicles
This project aims to solve the precise landing problem of a VTOL UAV by using a cost-effective hybrid method consisting of local positioning systems (vision based sensors) and global positioning systems (GPSs). In this project, the advantages of local and global positioning systems will be combined to realize one specific goal: precise landing. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor Erdal Kayacan


Fuzzy neural network-based learning control of unmanned aerial vehicles
For the online learning control purpose of small size unmanned aerial vehicles, the combination of artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic controllers will be implemented in this project. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor Erdal Kayacan


Perching Aircraft Research and Development
To develop new morphing concepts for UAV.

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Huang Weimin


Dynamics of High-Speed Rotating Shells of Composite Materials
So far the dynamic characteristics of the three (cylindrical, conical and spherical) revolution rotating shells have been studied, especially focusing on the influences of Coriolis and centrifugal accelerations, rotating velocity, geometric and material properties, boundary conditions, initial stresses, and modal wave numbers. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Li Hua


Aerogel-filled sandwich composites for thermal radiation and acoustic barrier applications
Distinctive, light-weight, flat and curved sandwich composites were conceptualized and developed using glass fibre reinforced BMI and Phenolic prepregs with Silica aerogel as core fillers. The product is proven to offer excellent heat insulation and good acoustic barrier properties. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Sunil Chandrakant Joshi


Enhancements of passive thermal management of critical units in small satellites
To enhance power-less thermal management on-board small satellites, this project explored use of hear pipes and special surface features to manipulate heat transfer, absorption and dissipation. [read more ...]

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Sunil Chandrakant Joshi


Design Fabrication and Control Hingeless Flap Using SMA Actuators

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Liu Yong


Smart Material-Based Satellite Deployment

Principal Investigator: Associate Professor Liu Yong


Energy Recovery through enhanced Turbomachinery Design and Analysis
The proposed project focusses on:

  • Gain greater understanding of the fluid mechanics inside a compressor/turbine
  • Introduce novel design concepts that can help improve the performance of radial machines

Principal Investigator: Assistant Professor Alessandro Romagnoli