Low Kin Huat

Low Kin Huat
Tel: 6790 5755
Email: mkhlow@ntu.edu.sg
Office: N3-02c-91 
  • PhD University of Waterloo 1986
  • MASc University of Waterloo 1983
  • BS National Cheng Kung University 1981

Dr. Low Kin Huat is currently a professor in the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He obtained his BSc degree from the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan, his MSc and PhD degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Waterloo, Canada. He is an author or co-author of about 290 journal and conference papers in the areas of robotics, biomimetics, robotics, rehabilitation, unmanned aerial vehicles, air traffic management, impacts, power transmission systems, structural dynamics, and vibrations. His works on biomimetics and exoskeleton have won the best paper in several IEEE international conferences.

Professor Low is an Associate Editor of several journals, including Mechanism and Machine Theory, Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics and the Journal of Bionic Engineering. He is also the Guest Editor of several special issues on bio-inspired systems and robotics rehabilitation. He is currently the chairman of the IEEE RAS (Robotics Automation Society) Technical Committee on bio-robotics. He has been involved in the program committee of various international conferences. He has organized several workshops and symposiums in the research fields of bio-inspired robotics.

  • Interest:
    Vibration and impact analysis, rehabilitation robot, assistive robot, unmanned aerial vehicles, and industrial robot.
  • Projects:
    Programme on Aviation System Block Upgrade and Air Traffic Management modernization
    Supported by the Air Traffic Management Institute (ATMRI), this project will integrate meteorological data with Air Traffic Management (ATM) operations for better decision-making. It will also perform research and development on dynamic airspace management and the focus on the introduction of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) operations into our existing airspace.
    [ATMRI, Aerospace]
    Task-based Cooperative UAVs in Specified Environments
    This project looks into developing novel solutions for autonomous navigation of UAVs in environments where traditional control systems fail to function. UAV swarms will also be deployed to accomplish tasks in these environments.
    [Motion Capture Lab, Robotics & Automation]
    Project CRANEV
    This project aims to develop concepts and platforms for the cooperation and coordination of UAVs in an indoor environment. Swarming or cooperative algorithms will also be tested on UAV prototypes in a multi-UAV system.
    [Motion Capture Lab, Robotics & Automation]
    Motion Planning for Task Manipulation and Handling
    This project focuses on autonomy and flexibility in task manipulation when handling small objects (in centimeter scale), where pick-and-plug tasks for very small and semi-transparent objects are conducted
    [Robotics Research Centre , Robotics & Automation]
    Dynamics Modelling, Simulation and Testing of UAV Flying
    This project focuses on developing a state space model, based on the deduction of aircraft dynamics and kinematics equations in a quadrotor. The project also designs the control law of attitude stabilization and position stabilization. Verification of flight control effect on the quadrotor will be performed.
    [TL@NUS, Robotics & Automation]
    Perching Aircraft Research and Development
    This project aims to develop a bio-inspired perching methodology for autonomous perching of unmanned aerial vehicles.
    [Robotics Research Centre, Robotics & Automation]
    User Feedback Controlled Power-Assisted Leg with Balance Stabilizers for Enabling Walking Tasks
    The proposed balance stabilizer mechanism uses two powered anthropomorphic legs to provide additional balance when robotic exoskeletons are used for rehabilitation purposes.
    [Robotics Research Centre, Robotics & Automation]

Research Staff and Students under supervision

Research Staff
Name Title Email
Mao Shixin Research Fellow SXMAO@ntu.edu.sg
Zhu Haifei Research Fellow HFZHU@ntu.edu.sg
Quek Jian Xing Project Officer JXQUEK@ntu.edu.sg
Tan Wee Kiat (Chen Weijie) Project Officer TANWK@ntu.edu.sg

PhD Students
Name Project
Li Lei Posture Control and Balance for Quality of Walking in Rehabilitation
Chi Wanchao Mechanics and Control for Perching Performance of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
Andre Ribeiro Da Silva Mcguire Modelling of Balance and Assesment of Compensatory Response in Subjects with weak Motor Function

Master Student
Name Project
Toh Chen Koon A Task-oriented Robotic Hand Rehabilitation System for Post-stroke Recovery

Selected Publications

In the area of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS):
  • W. Chi, C. Wang, K. Tao, K. H. Low and S. H. Yeo, “Synthesis and kinematic analysis of a flapping wing mechanism,” Proc. Of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Unmanned Systems, Singapore, 2012.
  • W. Chi, K. H. Low, K. H. Hoon, J. Tang and T. H. Go, “A Bio-inspired Adaptive Perching Mechanism for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles,” Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 642-648, 2012.
  • W. Chi, K. H. Low, K. H. Hoon and J. Tang, “Control Strategy Design for Autonomous Perching with a Quadrotor,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 461, pp. 506-512, 2013.
  • W. Chi, K. H. Low, K. H. Hoon and J. Tang, “An optimized perching mechanism for autonomous perching with a quadrotor,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Hong Kong, 2014.
  • W. Chi, K. H. Low, and K. H. Hoon, “Varying Tau-dot as a fuzzy control strategy for UAV perching,” The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Conference, 2016, San Diego, USA
  • Shixin Mao, Wee Kiat Tan, K. H. Low. Autonomous Formation Flight of Indoor UAVs Based on Model Predictive Control. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Conference, 2016, San Diego, USA

In the area of underwater robot:
  • Low K H and Chong C W, Parametric study of the swimming performance of a fish robot propelled by a flexible caudal fin, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, vol. 5(4), Article 046002, December 2010, 13 printed pages.
  • Hu Tianjiang, Zhu Huayong, Han Zhou, Low K H, and Shen Lincheng, “Modeling and Control on Hysteresis Nonlinearity in Biorobotic Undulating Fins,” Special Symposium of the 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS2011), San Francisco, Sep 2011, 6 pages.
  • Zhou Chunlin and Low K H, Design and Locomotion Control of a Biomimetic Underwater Vehicle with Fin Propulsion, IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, Vol. 17, 2012, pp. 25-35.
  • Low K H, Vaidyanathan R, Solis J, et al., Contribution Toward Future Biorobots, IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, Vol. 19, 2012, pp. 16-17.
  • Sitti M, Menciassi A, Ijspeert A J, Low K H, and Kim S, Survey and Introduction to the Focused Section on Bio-Inspired Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, Vol. 18, 2013, pp. 409-418.
  • Hu T, Low K H, Shen L, and Xu X, Effective Phase Tracking for Bioinspired Undulations of Robotic Fish Models: A Learning Control Approach, IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, Vol. 19, No. 1, Feb 2014, pp. 191-200.
  • Zhang SW, Liu B, Wang L, Yan Q, Low K H and Yang J, Design and Implementation of a Lightweight Bioinspired Pectoral Fin Driven by SMA, IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, Vol. 19, No. 6, December 2014, pp. 1773-1785.
  • Zhou Chunlin and Low K H, Robust Tracking of Rhythmic Gait for a Biomimetic Robot, International Journal of Control and Automation, Vol. 7, No. 8, 2014, pp. 31-42
  • Low K H et al., Biorobotics with Hybrid and Multi-modal Locomotion, IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, June 2015, 7 pages.
  • Low K H et al., Perspectives on biologically inspired hybrid and multi-modal locomotion, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2015, 12 pages.

In the area of rehabilitation robot:
  • Trieu Phat Luu, H.B. Lim, Xingda Qu, and Low K H, “Pelvic Motion Assistance of NaTure-gaits with Active Body Weight Support,” Proceedings of the 8th Asian Control Conference (ASCC 2011), May 15-18, 2011, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. pp. 950-955. (Finalist for the ASCC 2011 Best Paper Award shortlisted among 230+ papers accepted)
  • Low K H, Ohnishi Kengo, and Agrawal Sunil K, Preface:  Clinical-Based, Task-Specific and Subject-Oriented Approaches Essential to Effective Robotics Rehabilitation, Advanced Robotics, Vol. 25, 2011, pp. 1851–1855.
  • Wang P, Low K H, and McGregor A. H., “A subject-based motion generation model with adjustable walking pattern for a gait robotic trainer: NaTUre-gaits,” Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS2011), San Francisco, Sep 2011, pp. 1743 – 1748.
  • Lim, H.B., Trieu Phat Luu, Hoon, K. H., Xingda Qu, Tow, A., and Low K H, “Study of body weight shifting on robotic assisted gait rehabilitation with NaTUre-gaits,” Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS2011), San Francisco, Sep 2011, pp. 4923 - 4928.
  • Wang P, Low K H, A Tow, and Lim P H, Initial System Evaluation of an Overground Rehabilitation Gait Training Robot (NaTUre-gaits), Advanced Robotics, Vol. 25, 2011, pp. 1927-1948.
  • Wang P, Low K H, Tow A, et al. Initial system evaluation of an over ground rehabilitation gait training robot (nature-gaits)[J]. Advanced Robotics, 2011, 25(15): 1927-1948.
  • Huang Y, Low K H, A. McGregor H, and Kong K H, Clinical-Based Engineering Assessment and Data Interpretation of Hand Strength for Task-Oriented Robotic Rehabilitation, Advanced Robotics, Vol. 25, 2011, pp. 1991–2018.
  • Wang P, Low K H, McGregor A H, et al. Detection of abnormal muscle activations during walking following spinal cord injury (SCI)[J]. Research in developmental disabilities, 2013, 34(4): 1226-1235.
  • Luu T P, Low K H, Qu X, et al. An individual-specific gait pattern prediction model based on generalized regression neural networks[J]. Gait & posture, 2014, 39(1): 443-448.
  • Li, L., K.H. Hoon, Adela Tow P.H. Lim and K.H. Low, Design and Control of Robotic Exoskeleton with Balance Stabilizer Mechanism. in International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS). 2015, IEEE/RSJ: Hamburg, Germany.

  • Machine Design Element
  • Vibration of a 4 Cylinder Engine
  • Robotics
  • Advanced Mechanism Design
  • Machine Design
  • Engineering Graphics & Machine Components
  • Physics
  • Gas Turbine
  • Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
  • Clean Technology and the Environment